Conservation of Tuber Crop Diversity in Wayand

Distribution and Mapping of Endamic Trees of Edavaka Gramapanchayat - Wayanad

KSBB is undertaking a survey at Edavaka Gramapanchayat of Wayanad district to assess the status of endemic tree species. The basic details were compiled from the People’s Biodiversity Register prepared by Edavaka Panchayat and based on this a project on GIS based biodiversity information system for biodiversity assessment was formulated. The project aims at mapping the distribution pattern, and conservation of endemic species through people’s participation. An extensive field survey was carried out at Edavaka GP from November 2013 to March 2014 for locating endemic species and its transformation to GIS platform and further analysis and mapping.

The area was found to harbor more than 25 species from different families including Dipterocarpaceae, Apocynaceae, Anacardiaceae, Malvaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Elaeocarpaceae Tiliaceae, Oleaceae, Combretaceae which includes 8 species endemic to western ghats and 2 vulnerable species

Conservation of Tuber Crop Diversity in Wayand

To conserve indigenous tuber crop varieties of Wayanad, the project ‘Conservation of tuber crop diversity in Wayanad and its popularization among the villagers of the district’ is being implemented at Edavaka Gramapanchayat through the Biodiversity Management Committee. The project aims to conserve genetic diversity of neglected and underutilized root and tuber crops through germplasm conservation.

Highlights of the project

  • Community level germplasm centre in one acre in Edavaka Gramapanchayat.
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  • Fifty two varieties of different roots and tubers collected and raised, of which seven are wild ones, procured from forests with the help of tribal people.
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  • Germplasm centres were established in two schools at Edavaka Gramapanchayat and one each at Mananthavady and Vellamunda Gramapanchayats.
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  • Germplasm of 13 varieties of Greater yam, 11 varieties of tapioca, 5 varieties of sweet potato, 3 varieties each of arrowroot and Elephant foot Yam, 7 varieties of wild tuber and 11 varieties of colcosia are being conserved.

 

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