Conservation of Turtiles
The Thaikadappuram beach near Neeleswaram in Kasaragod district in Kerala is famous for the Olive Ridley Turtles that visit during the rainy season to lay eggs. The Olive ridley turtle ( Lepidochelys olivacea ) is classified as vulnerable as per IUCN Red Data Book, and is listed in Appendix I of CITES. Assistance was provided to Naythal, a coastal conservation action samithy engaged in turtle protection activity for protection of the native nesting habitats of Olive ridley turtles with community participation.
Highlights of the project
- The main threats identified were habitat degrading developmental activities along the coast and degradation of coastal ecosystem due to sand mining.
- A study of the decadal trend of nesting shows that during 2000- 2010 about 35 to 40 turtles visited/ year but the number came down drastically and during 2013 only 10 turtles visited the place.
- Monitoring for nesting activity conducted along 23 km stretch of seashore including Ajanur, Kanhangad, Neeleswaram and Padanna by trained volunteers taking into consideration low tide and high tide.
- The turtle eggs collected were reared in hatchery at Thaikadapuram and young ones released back to sea.
- Out of the 1079 eggs collected during 2013-2014, 657 hatched with a survivability of 83.4 %.
- With participation of forest dept, locals and school children 548 hatchlings of turtles were released to sea.
- Injured turtles rescued in Turtle rescue centre were released back to sea.
- Kasaragod was declared as Turtle conservation zone
- A two day Sea viewing camp was organized in which 11 schools participated.
- Awareness campaign for teachers of 40 schools and two day nature study camps were conducted for children
- Mass awareness campaigns were organized for fisher folk and local community through educational institutions and religious institutions from Chittari to Thaikadapuram
- Photography panel exhibition.
5000 notices, 5000 pamphlets and activity book for children were distributed as part of the programme.
Conservation of Native Inland Fishes
Native inland fishes in Pampa River have drastically reduced in numbers and many of them are likely to face extinction in the near future. Most fish species use flood plain canal system as corridors to spawning grounds during high water flow and juvenile fishes utilise nutrient rich flood plains and their associated complex habits as nursery grounds. Excessive fishing takes place during migration of fishes from the river and low land to the upland paddy fields for pairing and egg laying. KSBB project aims to conserve the migrating fishes during monsoon flood plain fishery thereby enhancing fish population in Pampa River, its tributaries and allied water bodies. The project is implemented in Pandanad and Mannar Gramapanchayats of Alappuzha district and Koippuram Grama Panchayat of Pathanamthitta
Distribution and Mapping of Endamic Trees of Edavaka Gramapanchayat - Wayanad
KSBB is undertaking a survey at Edavaka Gramapanchayat of Wayanad district to assess the status of endemic tree species. The basic details were compiled from the People’s Biodiversity Register prepared by Edavaka Panchayat and based on this a project on GIS based biodiversity information system for biodiversity assessment was formulated. The project aims at mapping the distribution pattern, and conservation of endemic species through people’s participation. An extensive field survey was carried out at Edavaka GP from November 2013 to March 2014 for locating endemic species and its transformation to GIS platform and further analysis and mapping.
The area was found to harbor more than 25 species from different families including Dipterocarpaceae, Apocynaceae, Anacardiaceae, Malvaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Elaeocarpaceae Tiliaceae, Oleaceae, Combretaceae which includes 8 species endemic to western ghats and 2 vulnerable species