As per the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and Biological Diversity Rules, 2004, every Local Self Government (LSG) shall constitute a Biodiversity Management Committee (BMC) within its area of jurisdiction.
The Status of BMCs – Completed in all LSGDs i.e. in 941 Grama panchayats, 87 Municipalities and 6 Corporations – a total of BMCs constituted.
The Composition of BMC in Kerala State:
BMC of a Local Self Government Institution is comprised of 8 persons – Chairperson, Member Secretary and 6 nominated members.
As per Kerala Biological Diversity Rules 2008, Section 22 Sub Section (4) the Chairperson of the BMC shall be Chairperson of the Local body and the Secretary of the Local body shall be Member secretary of the Biodiversity Management committee, who shall maintain the records. Besides, six persons are nominated as members by the Local body to the committee of which two should be women (33%) and one member (18%) should belong to SC/ST categories of the society. All the six members nominated should permanent resident of the Local Self Government Jurisdiction and their names should be in the voters list. The six nominated members shall represent a cross section of the society – herbalist, agriculturist, fishermen folk, academicians, community workers, non-timber forest produce collectors / traders, etc.
|Chairperson||Chairperson of the Local Self Government Institution (Grama Panchayat / Municipality / Corporation)|
|Secretary||Secretary of the Local Self Government Institution (Grama Panchayat / Municipality / Corporation)|
|Women representative||2 Persons|
|SC/ST Representative||1 Person|
|Other Members||3 Persons|
Strengthening BMC to Implement Biodiversity Act
Capacity Building Programmes for BMC/LSG
KSBB constituted BMCs in all LSG’s during 2011-2012 for the successful implementation of the Biological Diversity Act 2002 and Rules, 2004 and Kerala Biological Diversity Rules, 2008.
Having established functional BMC in all LSG’s, building capacity across a range of institutions including BMC and creating awareness of the Act and rules was identified as the thrust area for 2013-2014. During the reporting period efforts were concentrated on enhancing institutional capacity of relevant local self government by conducting BMC empowerment programme for Panchayat Presidents and Secretaries through District Panchayats.
Highlights of the Programme:
- 21 capacity building and awareness campaigns were conducted.
- The programme started during September 2013 and till March 2014, seven districts of Kerala namely – Malappuram, Kozhikode, Ernakulam, Kottayam, Idukki, Kasaragod and Kannur were covered.
In all the districts, the programme was led by Chairman, KSBB with the support of District Co-ordinators and Project Fellows of concerned districts.
Increased awareness on the following aspects were achieved:
- Biological diversity act, its importance sustainable use and its benefit.
- Structure, powers, responsibilities, funding and accountability of BMC
- Duties as Environmental watch group (Order G.O ( P ) No: 04/13/ Envt).
- Documentation of PBR and training for the same.
- PBR and its importance
- Identification of local environmental problems and solutions
During the workshops following write ups in regional language were prepared and distributed.
- Roles and responsibilities of BMC based on Biodiversity management committee’s operational tool kit published by National Biodiversity Authority
Order G.O (P) No: 04/13/ Envt authorizing BMC to function as environmental watch group.
Knowledge Sharing among BMC/LSG
- For conservation of Sasthamkotta, a Ramsar site under the chairmanship of Chief Minister a meeting was convened on 14.06.2013 and KSBB was entrusted with the responsibility of ensuring protection of biodiversity, preparation of Biodiversity register, conservation and augmentation of the indigenous fish stock of Sasthamkotta Lake. Meeting for BMC members of Sasthamkotta, Mynagapally and West Kallada was convened on 20-07-2013 at Kollam District Panchayat Office to address the environmental problems faced by Sasthamkotta Lake. The meeting was targeted at formulating conservation strategies for the fresh water ecosystem of Sasthamkotta Lake. On 30.12.2013 under the chairmanship of Additional Chief Secretary a review meeting was conducted. A Joint Biodiversity management committee consisting of BMC members of the three panchayats was constituted with Sasthamkotta block panchayat president as the chairman and the chairperson of the other two BMC as Joint convenor. A management plan was proposed to protect the watershed by massive afforestation and other measures.
- A meeting of BMC members of 3 panchayats of Koipuram, Pandand and Mannar was organized as part of KSBB Pampa conservation project on 07/06/2013. A training programme for project fellows for conducting survey and implementation of the modules for rejuvenation of Pampa River was conducted and work has been initiated in Koipuram Panchayat. A ward level Pampa conservation committee is being formulated and actions are being taken to create awareness among the local people.
- A meeting of District coordinators was conveyed on 10/9/ 2013 and 10/02/2014 for district coordinator of all districts to review the activities being undertaken in the district, criteria for selecting best BMC, reconstitution of expired BMC and for suggesting conservation projects in each district.
- BMC meet was organized on 20.02.2014 at Institution of Engineers Hall, Vellayambalam. Around 110 BMC members participated in the meet. BMC members shared their experiences and success stories achieved in their respective panchayats. The representatives from the BMC’s which has been honoured with the first Best BMC award instituted by KSBB delivered presentations on conservation programmes being carried out by them.
- Annual Review meeting of DCs and PFs were conducted on 21-02-2014 to review the progress in implementing the various provisions of the Biodiversity Act, status of PBR preparation and trainings imparted and to review the conservation programmes being undertaken in the different districts.